Hair loss common diseases and treatment in Lahore Pakistan
Hair loss or “Alopecia” is a medical condition caused by a disruption in the body’s hair production cycle. On average, scalps have 100,000 to 150,000 hairs that grow , fall out and regenerate during a cycle. Most people lose 50-100 hairs a day during this natural cycle. If the cycle is disrupted it can cause damage to hair follicles. A hair follicle is a part of the skin that helps grow hair by packing old cells together. The hair growth cycle has three periods:
- Aangen Phase (Hair grows actively)
- Catagen Phase (Hair stops growing)
- Telogen Phase (Hair falls out)
Hair loss is a very common condition. According to a study, half of the world’s population has alopecia by the age of 50 years. Men and Women are equally affected by alopecia. Alopecia has several kinds classified based on the scalp conditions and chances of re-growth. Where there is a possibility of re-growth, medications can be used. Three most common conditions of hair loss are:
- Non-scarring alopecia (Androgenetic alopecia),
- Telogen effluvium, and
- Alopecia areata.
These three conditions aggregate to 75% of cases of alopecia. Let’s take an in-depth look at the three most common conditions of alopecia.
Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss. Commonly known as the male-pattern and female-pattern hair loss, this condition is hereditary. It affects at least 50 million men and 30 million women. Men start losing hair on the top of the head and eventually go completely bald. Women experience hair thinning but the hairline doesn’t recede and it very rarely leads to baldness. It can be managed by medication or surgery.
Telogen effluvium is a condition that occurs when the hair doesn’t re-grow the telogen phase. This causes hair and the follicles to fall out of the scalp without new growth. A medical condition such as thyroid imbalance, fever, childbirth or surgery can trigger this condition. It usually occurs after three months of the medical event. It may also occur due to vitamin or iron deficiency. This doesn’t lead to complete baldness but causes hair thinning. For reasons unknown to the doctors this condition of hair loss can last several years, but medications can help.
This is an autoimmune condition; the body’s immune system attacks healthy tissues including hair follicles. This condition can affect adults as well as children suddenly causing hair loss. Hair falls out in patches but it isn’t painful. In this condition of hair loss, hair can fall from the head and also from the rest of the body. Over a long period, alopecia areata may evolve into alopecia totalis which leads to total hair loss. Dermatologists treat alopecia areata with certain medicines that help the growth of hair on the entire body.
Aside from these common conditions of hair loss, there are few other conditions of hair loss that are rare and found in few exceptional cases. The rare ones are more difficult to treat, some are caused due to different skin medical conditions that eventually affect the scalp, others are more rare caused due to genetic abnormalities. Some of them are:
- Cicatricial Alopecia.
- Folliculitis Decalvans.
- Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp.